The Effect of Demographic Change on Financial Stability


  • Asma' Rashidah Idris Faculty of Business Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA Negeri Sembilan, Rembau Campus
  • Muzafar Shah Habibullah Faculty of Economics and Management, University Putra Malaysia
  • Ranjanee Kaliappan Faculty of Economics and Management, University Putra Malaysia



Demographic change, old-age population, fertility, financial stability


This study investigates the effect of fertility on financial stability and its determinant particularly therelevance of demographic changes. This is motivated by the huge impact of demographic changes(increasing ageing population and low fertility level). Population ageing and low fertility tend to lowerboth labour- force participation and saving rates (change bank business model), thereby raising concernson a future slowing economic growth and financial instability. The system GMM results show that thefertility level somehow acts as a buffer and reflects to the degree of stability to the financial system. Anincrease in fertility and old-age population will contribute to lowering the financial stability. As a matterof policy implication, the nations, financial sectors, and economies should take pro-active active stepsand enhance policies in handling the inter-related issue of the ageing population, decreasing fertility, andfinancial stability especially in developed countries, but not necessarily to overlook the impact of theissues in developing countries. Keywords: Demographic change, old-age population, fertility, financial stability


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