Decolourization of Turqoise Blue (Remazol Blue BB) Dye by Immobilized Penicillium sp. into Sodium-Alginate-Sulfate Beads

Authors

  • Nor Atikah Husna Ahmad Nasir Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Perlis, Kampus Arau
  • Noor Farazian Zafira Che Pa Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Perlis, Kampus Arau
  • Muhammad Akmal Roslani Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Perlis, Kampus Arau
  • Rohayu Ramli Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Perlis, Kampus Arau
  • Nor Azimah Mohd Zain Department of Biosciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24191/ji.v14i2.231

Keywords:

immobilized cells, free cells, decolourization, dyes, laccase

Abstract

Turqoise blue (Remazol Blue BB) is a type of common dye which is constantly discharged from industriesinto the water bodies without proper treatment. This dye could affect aquatic and human life due to itstoxicity. Existing methods to overcome this issue are too expensive and not eco-friendly. Alternatively, thisstudy was conducted by immobilizing Penicillium sp. into sodium-alginate-sulfate beads (IC) to decolorizethe turquoise blue dye at 10 ppm. The percentage of dye decolourization, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)removal and laccase of IC and free cells were analysed throughout this study. IC successfully decolourizeddyes up to 72.83%, meanwhile, free cells could only decolourized dyes up to 56.59%. In addition, CODremoval by IC cell is 31.92% higher compared to free cell. For laccase activity, IC is higher compared tofree cells up to 30%. Based on higher decolourization, enzymatic activity and COD removal, IC has apotential to be an alternative to decolourize dyes better than free cells. Keywords: immobilized cells, free cells, decolourization, dyes, laccase

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Published

2019-11-29

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