# Factors Affecting Studentsâ€™ Achievement in Mathematics: A Case Study in Terengganu

## DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24191/ji.v14i2.235## Keywords:

achievement in mathematics, studentsâ€™ attitude, student-centered learning, classroom environments, Partial Least Square## Abstract

Most programs at the university level require completion of mathematics courses. To survive inuniversity, those who are taking mathematics courses should succeed in their examination so that this canbe a path for them to proceed smoothly in their study. This research investigates the factors contributingtowards achievement in mathematics at a public university. The identified factors are studentsâ€™ attitude,student-centered learning and classroom environments. The data was collected randomly from 86students who took business mathematics course in 2018 through a distribution of questionnaires. Thisstudy focused on the measurement model and structural model of Partial Least Square analysis. Thefindings indicate that studentsâ€™ attitude most significantly affected the achievement in mathematics,followed by studentsâ€™ centered learning. Meanwhile, classroom environment is found as an insignificantfactor of the achievement in mathematics. As a conclusion, studentsâ€™ attitude is the most influential factorin mathematics achievement compared to studentsâ€™ centered learning and classroom environments.Therefore, the management of higher education should focus on the empowerment of studentsâ€™ attitudetowards mathematics subject and improve the quality of student-centered learning at the university. Keywords: achievement in mathematics, studentsâ€™ attitude, student-centered learning, classroom environments, Partial Least Square## References

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Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of marketing research, 18(1), 39-50. Ganyaupfu, E. M. (2013). Teaching methods and studentsâ€™ academic performance. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, 2(9), 29-35. Hair Jr, J. F., Hult, G. T. M., Ringle, C., & Sarstedt, M. (2016). A primer on partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM). Sage Publications. Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2009). Multivariate Data Analysis (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education Limited. Kiray, S.A., Gok, B. & Bozkir, A.S. (2015) Identifying the factors affecting science and mathematics achievement using data mining methods, Journal of education in science environment & health, 1(1), 28-48. doi.org/10.21891/jeseh.41216 Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining Sample Size for Research Activities. John Wiley & Sons. Mata, M. D. L., Monteiro, V., & Peixoto, F. (2012). Attitudes towards mathematics: Effects of individual, motivational, and social support factors. Child Development Research. McDaniels, M. M. (2012). Children respond to a positive learning environment. Retrieved from www.brighteducation.com/classroom-management/13907-creating-a-positive-learningenvironment. Moenikia, M., & Zahed-Babelan, A. (2010). A study of simple and multiple relations between mathematics attitude, academic motivation and intelligence quotient with mathematics achievement. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2, 1537â€“1542. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.23 Nunnally, J. C. (1994). Psychometric theory 3E. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. Okereke, S. C. (2006). Effects of prior knowledge of implications of mathematical tasks/concepts to career types and gender on studentsâ€™ achievement, interest and retention. In STAN procedures of the 47th Annual conference. 253-259. Pandey,B.D. (2017) A study of mathematical achievement of secondary school students, International journal of advanced research, 5(12), 1951-1954. doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/6165 Papanastasiou, C. (2000) Effects of attitudes and beliefs in mathematics achievement, Studies in Educational Evaluation, 26, 27-42. Retrieved: www.elsevier.nl/stueduc R. Zan and P. Martino (2008). Attitude toward mathematics: overcoming the positive/negative dichotomy, in Beliefs and Mathematics, B. Sriraman, Ed., The Montana Mathematics Enthusiast: Monograph Series in Mathematics Education, Age Publishing & The Montana Council of Teachers of Mathematics, Charlotte, NC, USA. 197â€“214. Sekaran, U., & Bougie, R. (2016). Research methods for business: A skill building approach. John Wiley & Sons.

Shamaki, T. A. (2015). Influence of Learning Environment on Students' Academic Achievement in Mathematics: A Case Study of Some Selected Secondary Schools in Yobe State-Nigeria. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(34), 40-44.

Singh, S. P., & Imam, A. (2013). Effect of Personal and Institutional Variables on Mathematics Achievement of Secondary School Students. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 10(3), 22-33.

Suleman, Q., & Hussain, I. (2014). Effects of classroom physical environment on the academic achievement scores of secondary school students in Kohet Division, Pakistan. International Journal of Learning and Development, 4. Retrieved from www.macrothink.org/journal/index.php/ijld/article/viewFile/5174/5897.

Tahar, N. F., Ismail, Z., Zamani, N. D., & Adnan, N. (2010). Studentsâ€™ attitude toward mathematics: The use of factor analysis in determining the criteria. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 8, 476-481.

Tessema, T. (2010). Classroom Instruction and Students' Attitudes Towards Mathematics (Tesis doctoral). Recuperado de http://search. proquest. com/docview/503283774.

Tosto, M. G., Asbury, K., Mazzocco, M. M., Petrill, S. A., & Kovas, Y. (2016). From classroom environment to mathematics achievement: The mediating role of self-perceived ability and subject interest. Learning and individual differences, 50, 260-269.

Turano, A. A. (2005). The impact of classroom environment on student learning Veloo, A., Ali, R. M., & Krishnasamy, H. N. (2014). Affective determinants of Additional Mathematics achievement in Malaysian technical secondary schools. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 112, 613-620. http://www.psychologydiscussion.net/learning/learning-meaning-nature-types-and-theories-of-learning/652). Veloo, A., Ali, R. M., & Krishnasamy, H. N. (2014). Affective determinants of Additional Mathematics achievement in Malaysian technical secondary schools. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 112, 613-620.

Yiqun Chen and Jian Yin. (2011). Apply Student-Centered Learning on Computer Education. I.J. Education and Management Engineering, 4, 67-71. DOI: 10.5815/ijeme.2011.04.11

Zakaria, E., Chin, L. C., & Daud, M. Y. (2010). The effects of cooperative learning on studentsâ€™ mathematics achievement and attitude towards mathematics. Journal of Social Sciences, 6(2), 272-275.

Fiske, T. S., Cheryan, S., Ziegler, A., S., Plaut, C., V., & Meltzoff, N., A. (2014). Designing classrooms to maximize student achievement. Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 1(1), 4 â€“ 12. Fornel, C. (1982). a Second Generation of Multivariate Analysis-An Overview in C. A Second Generation of Multivariate Analysis, Paeger, New York.

Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of marketing research, 18(1), 39-50. Ganyaupfu, E. M. (2013). Teaching methods and studentsâ€™ academic performance. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, 2(9), 29-35. Hair Jr, J. F., Hult, G. T. M., Ringle, C., & Sarstedt, M. (2016). A primer on partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM). Sage Publications. Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2009). Multivariate Data Analysis (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education Limited. Kiray, S.A., Gok, B. & Bozkir, A.S. (2015) Identifying the factors affecting science and mathematics achievement using data mining methods, Journal of education in science environment & health, 1(1), 28-48. doi.org/10.21891/jeseh.41216 Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining Sample Size for Research Activities. John Wiley & Sons. Mata, M. D. L., Monteiro, V., & Peixoto, F. (2012). Attitudes towards mathematics: Effects of individual, motivational, and social support factors. Child Development Research. McDaniels, M. M. (2012). Children respond to a positive learning environment. Retrieved from www.brighteducation.com/classroom-management/13907-creating-a-positive-learningenvironment. Moenikia, M., & Zahed-Babelan, A. (2010). A study of simple and multiple relations between mathematics attitude, academic motivation and intelligence quotient with mathematics achievement. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2, 1537â€“1542. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.23 Nunnally, J. C. (1994). Psychometric theory 3E. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. Okereke, S. C. (2006). Effects of prior knowledge of implications of mathematical tasks/concepts to career types and gender on studentsâ€™ achievement, interest and retention. In STAN procedures of the 47th Annual conference. 253-259. Pandey,B.D. (2017) A study of mathematical achievement of secondary school students, International journal of advanced research, 5(12), 1951-1954. doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/6165 Papanastasiou, C. (2000) Effects of attitudes and beliefs in mathematics achievement, Studies in Educational Evaluation, 26, 27-42. Retrieved: www.elsevier.nl/stueduc R. Zan and P. Martino (2008). Attitude toward mathematics: overcoming the positive/negative dichotomy, in Beliefs and Mathematics, B. Sriraman, Ed., The Montana Mathematics Enthusiast: Monograph Series in Mathematics Education, Age Publishing & The Montana Council of Teachers of Mathematics, Charlotte, NC, USA. 197â€“214. Sekaran, U., & Bougie, R. (2016). Research methods for business: A skill building approach. John Wiley & Sons.

Shamaki, T. A. (2015). Influence of Learning Environment on Students' Academic Achievement in Mathematics: A Case Study of Some Selected Secondary Schools in Yobe State-Nigeria. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(34), 40-44.

Singh, S. P., & Imam, A. (2013). Effect of Personal and Institutional Variables on Mathematics Achievement of Secondary School Students. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 10(3), 22-33.

Suleman, Q., & Hussain, I. (2014). Effects of classroom physical environment on the academic achievement scores of secondary school students in Kohet Division, Pakistan. International Journal of Learning and Development, 4. Retrieved from www.macrothink.org/journal/index.php/ijld/article/viewFile/5174/5897.

Tahar, N. F., Ismail, Z., Zamani, N. D., & Adnan, N. (2010). Studentsâ€™ attitude toward mathematics: The use of factor analysis in determining the criteria. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 8, 476-481.

Tessema, T. (2010). Classroom Instruction and Students' Attitudes Towards Mathematics (Tesis doctoral). Recuperado de http://search. proquest. com/docview/503283774.

Tosto, M. G., Asbury, K., Mazzocco, M. M., Petrill, S. A., & Kovas, Y. (2016). From classroom environment to mathematics achievement: The mediating role of self-perceived ability and subject interest. Learning and individual differences, 50, 260-269.

Turano, A. A. (2005). The impact of classroom environment on student learning Veloo, A., Ali, R. M., & Krishnasamy, H. N. (2014). Affective determinants of Additional Mathematics achievement in Malaysian technical secondary schools. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 112, 613-620. http://www.psychologydiscussion.net/learning/learning-meaning-nature-types-and-theories-of-learning/652). Veloo, A., Ali, R. M., & Krishnasamy, H. N. (2014). Affective determinants of Additional Mathematics achievement in Malaysian technical secondary schools. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 112, 613-620.

Yiqun Chen and Jian Yin. (2011). Apply Student-Centered Learning on Computer Education. I.J. Education and Management Engineering, 4, 67-71. DOI: 10.5815/ijeme.2011.04.11

Zakaria, E., Chin, L. C., & Daud, M. Y. (2010). The effects of cooperative learning on studentsâ€™ mathematics achievement and attitude towards mathematics. Journal of Social Sciences, 6(2), 272-275.

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2019-11-29

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